How much do you know about electronic cigarettes?
Before becoming coalition coordinator for the Piney Woods Substance Abuse Coalition last September, I didn’t know much about electronic cigarettes or how they can affect your health, particularly the health of adolescents. To be completely honest, six months ago I would have told you that vaping wasn’t much of a problem and that at least it’s safer than traditional cigarettes. What I’ve learned in the past several months has both shocked and frustrated me.
According to the Texas School Survey conducted bi-annually by researchers from Texas A&M University, more than one in 10 seventh-through 12th-grade students in East Texas said they’ve used an electronic cigarette in the past month. Even more troubling, from 2016 to 2020, there has been an almost 50% increase of students in East Texas who say they’ve vaped in the past month.
Teens have gravitated toward vaping at a high rate over the past several years for a variety of reasons. They feel as though it’s a safe alternative to traditional cigarettes, there’s a wide variety of flavors to choose from (while the FDA banned flavors in 2020, disposable devices still carry flavors that appeal to youth), vaping doesn’t have the same harsh smell as traditional cigarettes and devices are easy to hide and often look similar to an ink pen or flash drive.
If you are the parent of a teenager or know someone who is, here are some things you need to know about electronic cigarette use:
Vaping produces aerosol, not water vapor, which often includes harmful chemicals. Nicotine, ultrafine particles that can be inhaled deep into your lungs, cancer-causing chemicals and heavy metals such as nickel, tin and lead can all be found in a typical vaping device. According to the Truth Initiative, there is evidence to suggest these chemicals found in vape aerosol lead to cardiovascular injury, with links to negative effects on resting heart rate, blood pressure and cells that line blood vessels.
Electronic cigarettes often act as an on-ramp nicotine addiction for teenagers. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, early research indicates that using vape products as an adolescent can lead to an increased use in traditional tobacco products later on. Nicotine, the highly addictive ingredient found in tobacco products, is found in many vaping devices — sometimes with a higher percentage than traditional cigarettes.
Vaping companies are marketing their products toward teens. Between creating flavors that appeal to teens, investing heavily into social media marketing, sponsoring music festivals and other events teens are likely to be at, and even offering scholarships for essays asking students to write on topics like whether vaping could have potential benefits, vaping companies have invested heavily into getting teens to use their products. Furthermore, big tobacco companies are investing big into the electronic vaping industry. Why wouldn’t they? As traditional cigarette sales have plummeted, electronic cigarette sales have steadily increased.
If you’re the parent of a teen, you hold a significant amount of influence in his or her life. Talking to your children about the dangers of vaping could help them decide not to do it or to quit.
Be sure to discuss the issue in an understanding way and arm your children with the facts about vaping. The American Lung Association has a great guide for parents, and you can find resources to help an addicted teen quit at teen.smokefree.gov .